Energy and Climate Change Policies

Decision-making processes in national and international climate policy and politics


Climate change is an environmental problem of global scale. In consequence, policy, which aims at mitigating climate change, is necessarily at the crossroads between international dynamics and national policymaking. This “two-level “game is the focus of this research area. Particularly, we are interested in the factors and mechanisms, which explain the selection of policy instruments and targets.


Prof. Dr. Karin Ingold
Tel.: +41 31 684 53 60


Prof. Dr. Karin Ingold
Dr. Marlene Kammerer

Funding: Sinergia SNSF, OCCR, IPW
Project duration: September 2014 – July 2020





We investigate the implementation of different policy instruments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, through a detailed analysis and comparison of preferences and decision-making strategies of political elites in national processes and delegates in international climate conferences. Moreover, we analyse the reasons for the often-observed divergence of international commitments and national positions. A second focus of this research area is the comparison of different methods to analysis policy preferences and decision-making processes in climate policy. We rely on both quantitative and qualitative methods, for example discourse network analysis, social network analysis, regression, and multicriteria analysis.

Related publications:

  • Kammerer, M; Namhata, C. (2018). What drives the Adoption of Climate Change Mitigation Policy? A Dynamic Network Approach to Policy Diffusion. Policy Sciences, 51(4), 477-513. DOI: 10.1007/s11077-018-9332-6.
  • Castro, P; Kammerer, M. (2018). The politicization of the climate: How and why has the Annex I – non-Annex I division affected negotiations under the climate change regime? Conference Proceeding, ECPR General Conference, Hamburg 2018 (under review).
  • Ingold, K.; Varone, F.; Kammerer, M. et al. (2018). Measuring Policy Positions Through Elite Survey: Can We Trust All Policy Actors? Conference Proceeding, International Workshops on Public Policy, Pittsburgh, USA (under review).
  • Kammerer, M.; Wagner, P.; Ylä-Anttila, T.; Grönow, A. (2018). Collaboration to mitigate climate change – Does the institutional context matter? A comparative case study of Finland, South Korea, Switzerland, and the United States. Conference Proceeding, Environmental Policy and Governance Conference 2018, Stockholm.
  • Ingold, K.; Pflieger, G. (2016). Two Levels, Two Strategies: Explaining the Gap Between Swiss National and International Responses Toward Climate Change. European Policy Analysis Journal, 2(1), 20-38. DOI:10.18278/epa.2.1.4.
  • Ingold, K.; Manuel, F. (2014). Drivers of Collaboration to Mitigate Climate Change: An Illustration of Swiss Climate Policy over 15 Years. Global Environmental Change, 24, 88-98. DOI:10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2013.11.021.
  • Ingold, K.; Varone, F. (2012). Treating Policy Brokers Seriously: Evidence from the Climate Policy. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 22(2), 319-346. DOI:10.1093/jopart/mur035.
  • Ingold, K. (2011). Network Structures within Policy Processes: Coalitions, Power, and Brokerage in Swiss Climate Policy. Policy Studies Journal, 39(3), 435-459. DOI:10.1111/j.1541-0072.2011.00416.x.